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John Rakham

John Rackham, commonly known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the calico clothing that he wore, while Jack is a nickname for "John".

He is most remembered for having two female crew members: Mary Read and his lover, Anne Bonny and the flag commonly associated with Rackham depicts a white skull above crossed swords on a black background, and Rackham is thought to be the father of the Jolly Roger design.